Table 1 Characteristics of Northeastern Chinese adults by glycemic status.

From: The prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes and their associated factors in Northeast China: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Glycemic status Χ2/F* p
Normal glucose regulation (n, %) Pre-diabetes (n, %) Previously-diagnosed diabetes (n, %) Newly-diagnosed diabetes (n, %)
Sex Men 5474 (42.9) 2083 (57.2) 739 (54.9) 364 (59.8) 279.13 <0.001
Women 7291 (57.1) 1558 (42.8) 608 (45.1) 245 (40.2)   
Region Rural 6337 (49.6) 1485 (40.8) 675 (50.1) 287 (47.1) 92.16 <0.001
Urban 6428 (50.4) 2156 (59.2) 672 (49.9) 322 (52.9)   
Age Young 5880 (46.1) 1273 (35.0) 130 (9.7) 137 (22.5) 972.40 <0.001
Middle 4702 (36.8) 1600 (43.9) 652 (48.4) 307 (50.4)   
Old 2183 (17.1) 768 (21.1) 565 (41.9) 165 (27.1)   
BMI Normal 6450 (50.5) 1291 (35.5) 415 (30.8) 188 (30.9) 692.68 <0.001
Underweight 665 (5.2) 86 (2.4) 19 (1.4) 11 (1.8)   
Overweight 4083 (32.0) 1531 (42.0) 584 (43.4) 273 (44.8)   
Obesity 1567 (12.3) 733 (20.1) 329 (24.4) 137 (22.5)   
Central obesity No 7436 (58.6) 1487 (41.1) 313 (23.8) 180 (30.2) 919.80 <0.001
Yes 5260 (41.4) 2130 (58.9) 998 (76.1) 417 (69.8)   
Education Primary school and below 3728 (29.2) 906 (24.9) 563 (41.8) 210 (34.5) 204.67 <0.001
Junior middle school 3695 (28.9) 1000 (27.5) 350 (26.0) 170 (27.9)   
Senior middle school 3203 (25.1) 1130 (31.0) 314 (23.3) 159 (26.1)   
Under graduate and above 2139 (16.8) 605 (16.6) 120 (8.9) 70 (11.5)   
Occupation Intelligence 2632 (20.6) 730 (20.0) 169 (12.5) 105 (17.2) 480.17 <0.001
Manual 7318 (57.3) 2020 (55.5) 594 (44.1) 331 (54.4)   
Retired 1195 (9.4) 504 (13.8) 376 (27.9) 82 (13.5)   
Others 1620 (12.7) 387 (10.6) 208 (15.4) 91 (14.9)   
Marriage Married/cohabitation 10837 (85.2) 3170 (87.1) 1205 (89.5) 543 (89.2) 164.07 <0.001
Single 1055 (8.3) 211 (5.8) 11 (0.8) 14 (2.3)   
Divorced/Separated 238 (1.9) 71 (2.0) 23 (1.7) 18 (3.0)   
windowed 599 (4.7) 189 (5.2) 108 (8.0) 34 (5.6)   
Drink No 8994 (70.5) 2209 (60.7) 1045 (77.6) 358 (58.8) 204.26 <0.001
Yes 3771 (29.5) 1432 (39.3) 302 (22.4) 251 (41.2)   
Smoking Never 8178 (64.1) 2005 (55.1) 826 (61.3) 313 (51.4) 218.58 <0.001
Now 3719 (29.1) 1288 (35.4) 328 (24.4) 233 (28.3)   
Once 868 (6.8) 348 (9.6) 193 (14.3) 63 (10.3)   
Exercise Never or rare 6198 (48.6) 1543 (42.4) 402 (29.8) 267 (43.8) 470.22 <0.001
Sometimes 3180 (24.9) 904 (24.8) 219 (16.3) 125 (20.5)   
Frequently 3387 (26.5) 1194 (32.8) 726 (53.9) 217 (35.6)   
Family history of diabetes No 11170 (87.5) 3120 (85.7) 904 (67.1) 494 (81.1) 416.75 <0.001
Yes 1595 (12.5) 521 (14.3) 443 (32.9) 115 (18.9)   
Hypertension No 8776 (68.8) 2020 (55.5) 507 (37.6) 270 (44.3) 732.33 <0.001
Yes 3989 (31.2) 1621 (44.5) 840(62.4) 339 (55.7)   
Dyslipidemia No 8806 (39.0) 1928(53.0) 578 (42.9) 217 (35.6) 780.60 <0.001
Yes 3959 (31.0) 1713 (47.0) 769 (57.1) 392 (64.4)   
Blood sugar (mmol/l) Fasting plasma glucose 4.65 ± 0.58 6.00 ± 0.36 8.00 ± 3.21 8.64 ± 2.09 6316.98 <0.001
OGTT-2 h plasma glucose 5.56 ± 0.98 8.80 ± 0.86 10.82 ± 4.98 15.41 ± 5.66 370.78 <0.001
Blood lipid TG 1.70 ± 1.38 2.37 ± 2.14 2.79 ± 2.53 3.42 ± 3.34 71.31 <0.001
(n = 11811) TC 4.79 ± 1.03 5.09 ± 1.08 5.31 ± 1.31 5.40 ± 1.31 23.07 <0.001
(mmol/l) LDL-C 2.88 ± 0.86 3.06 ± 0.92 3.18 ± 1.01 3.09 ± 1.01 22.17 <0.001
HDL-C 1.43 ± 0.39 1.32 ± 0.37 1.23 ± 0.32 1.25 ± 0.36 20.45 <0.001
Blood pressure SBP 129 ± 21 135 ± 21 141 ± 23 140 ± 23 11.75 <0.001
(mmHg) DBP 79 ± 11 82 ± 12 82 ± 12 85 ± 13 7.16 <0.001
  1. *Qualitative data was used Χ2test and Quantitative data used F test.