Table 1 Detailed list of Triticum accessions included in the wheat collection (Grouping: C = cultivated, NC = non cultivated) and summary of the grain quality features: grain yield per spike (GYS), grain protein content (GPC), dry gluten (DG), gluten Index (GI).

From: Scouting for Naturally Low-Toxicity Wheat Genotypes by a Multidisciplinary Approach

Sample code Accession Taxonomic classification Year of release C/NC Origine GYS (g) GPC (% d.m.) DG (% d.m.) GI (%)
REF 1 Chinese Spring T. aestivum ssp. aestivum   C 1.0 ± 0.2 14.3 ± 1.0 16.0 ± 0.6 *28.1 ± 1.3
REF 2 Spada T. aestivum ssp. aestivum   C 1.6 ± 0.7 12.7 ± 0.9 12.0 ± 1.1 **36 ± 3
REF 3 ID3 T. monococcum ssp. monococcum NC 1.2 ± 0.7 16.9 ± 1.9 16.0 ± 1.4 **44 ± 4
REF4 Commercial Semolina NA 12.6 ± 0.4 10.1 ± 1.5 ***90.0 ± 1.6
1 Duetto T. turgidum ssp. durum 2002 C Italy 2.4 ± 0.3 14.3 ± 1.3 12.8 ± 1.9 **30 ± 3
2 Colosseo T. turgidum ssp. durum 1995 C Italy 2.4 ± 0.2 13.7 ± 1.1 9.9 ± 0.5 **53 ± 5
3 Lloyd T. turgidum ssp. durum 1983 C United States 2.3 ± 0.4 13.3 ± 1.8 11.7 ± 1.7 **71 ± 2
4 Neolatino T. turgidum ssp. durum 2007 C Italy 2.5 ± 0.2 13.3 ± 0.7 11.6 ± 0.3 **89 ± 5
5 PI 56263 T. turgidum ssp. turgidum NC Portugal, Lisboa 2.6 ± 0.5 15.0 ± 1.8 6.5 ± 1.2 **47 ± 3
6 Ciccio T. turgidum ssp. durum 1996 C Italy 2.3 ± 0.3 13.3 ± 0.6 12.1 ± 0.9 **71 ± 5
7 Cappelli T. turgidum ssp. durum 1915 C Italy 2.70 ± 0.13 16.1 ± 1.2 18 ± 2 **38.8 ± 1.7
8 Iride T. turgidum ssp. durum 1996 C Italy 2.5 ± 0.2 13.0 ± 0.9 9.7 ± 1.3 **87 ± 3
9 Nefer T. turgidum ssp. durum 1996 C France 1.9 ± 0.3 14.7 ± 1.3 13.2 ± 1.2 **81 ± 4
10 Provenzal T. turgidum ssp. durum 1998 C Italy 2.0 ± 0.3 14.0 ± 1.6 10.7 ± 1.9 **60 ± 5
11 Kiperounda T. turgidum ssp. durum 1956 C Marocco 2.0 ± 0.4 15.0 ± 0.9 10.2 ± 0.8 **76 ± 3
12 PI 352542 T. turgidum ssp. turgidum NC France 2.3 ± 0.9 14.0 ± 1.0 11 ± 2 *16 ± 3
13 Russello T. turgidum ssp. durum 1928 C Italy 2.1 ± 0.7 15.3 ± 1.7 14 ± 2 *22.0 ± 1.3
14 Canyon T. turgidum ssp. durum 2005 C Italy 2.20 ± 0.15 13.2 ± 0.7 10.0 ± 1.2 **86.3 ± 0.9
15 Capeiti-8 T. turgidum ssp. durum 1940 C Italy 1.97 ± 0.19 14.3 ± 1.1 14.2 ± 0.8 **36 ± 3
16 Duilio T. turgidum ssp. durum 1984 C Italy 2.2 ± 0.3 13.3 ± 0.9 11.5 ± 1.9 **78 ± 3
17 Gianni T. turgidum ssp. durum 1992 C Italy 2.29 ± 0.11 12.9 ± 0.9 10.2 ± 0.8 **84 ± 5
18 Athena T. turgidum ssp. durum 1982 C Italy 2.1 ± 0.4 15.1 ± 1.0 14.1 ± 0.6 **79.4 ± 0.8
19 PI 167481 T. turgidum ssp. turanicum NC Turkey, Denizli 1.9 ± 0.3 13.9 ± 1.2 10 ± 2 **30 ± 3
20 MG4328/61 T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides NC 1.3 ± 0.3 17 ± 2 16 ± 2 *28 ± 3
21 PI 387479 T. turgidum ssp. polonicum NC Ethiopia 1.8 ± 0.3 14.4 ± 1.0 9.3 ± 0.9 **37 ± 4
22 Saragolla T. turgidum ssp. durum 2004 C Italy 2.5 ± 0.4 13.9 ± 0.8 8 ± 2 ***92 ± 3
23 Isa T. turgidum ssp. durum 1975 C Italy 2.1 ± 0.3 13.9 ± 0.5 14.4 ± 1.6 **36 ± 3
24 Latino T. turgidum ssp. durum 1982 C Italy 2.5 ± 0.3 13.1 ± 0.7 11.5 ± 2 *19 ± 3
25 PI 278350 T. turgidum ssp. turanicum NC Italy 2.3 ± 0.3 13.6 ± 0.4 15.2 ± 1.4 **54 ± 3
26 PI 192658 T. turgidum ssp. turanicum NC Morocco 2.4 ± 0.4 14.6 ± 0.6 12.6 ± 1.7 **41 ± 4
27 MG 4387 T. turgidum ssp. dicoccum NC United kingdom 1.8 ± 0.3 16.0 ± 1.9 15.0 ± 1.4 **37 ± 4
28 PI 352323 T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides NC Asia Minor 1.1 ± 0.3 18.2 ± 1.9 16 ± 2 **47 ± 5
29 Cirillo T. turgidum ssp. durum 1992 C Italy 2.2 ± 0.4 13.7 ± 1.9 12.1 ± 1.7 ***93 ± 3
30 Grecale T. turgidum ssp. durum 2002 C Italy 2.3 ± 0.5 13.1 ± 0.8 12.6 ± 1.4 **68 ± 3
31 Valnova T. turgidum ssp. durum 1975 C Italy 2.5 ± 0.4 14.0 ± 0.9 15.1 ± 1.7 **46 ± 3
32 Alemanno T. turgidum ssp. durum 2006 C Italy 2.49 ± 0.09 12.8 ± 0.8 12.4 ± 0.6 **78 ± 3
33 PI 157983 T. turgidum ssp. turgidum NC Italy, Sicily 2.5 ± 0.5 13.8 ± 0.5 11.8 ± 1.7 *15 ± 3
34 Creso T. turgidum ssp. durum 1974 C Italy 2.2 ± 0.3 13.4 ± 1.3 15.6 ± 1.6 **74.8 ± 1.5
35 Appio T. turgidum ssp. durum 1982 C Italy 2.3 ± 0.4 12.7 ± 1.1 12.9 ± 1.4 **65 ± 3
36 Enduro T. turgidum ssp. durum 1991 C Italy 2.2 ± 0.3 13.3 ± 0.8 11.6 ± 1.1 **31 ± 5
37 MG4330/66 T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides NC 1.2 ± 0.3 19.4 ± 1.5 16.2 ± 0.9 **46 ± 4
38 PI 221423 T. turgidum ssp. turgidum NC Portugal 2.68 ± 0.14 14.5 ± 1.3 10.9 ± 1.9 **35 ± 3
  1. *Weak gluten strength GI < 30%; **normal gluten strength GI 30–80%; ***strong gluten strength GI > 80%.