Table 1 Locations, geographical position and sample size of macaroni, rockhopper and royal penguins of mtDNA (CR and COI) and nuclear (ODC and AK) markers.

From: Contrasting phylogeographic pattern among Eudyptes penguins around the Southern Ocean

Species Location Abr. Geographic Position Sample size
HVRI COI ODC AK
E. schlegeli Macquarie Is., Garden C. MACQ 54°29′S; 158°56′E 11 14 9 10
White-faced Marion Island MARI1 46°50′S; 37°48′E 3 3 4 3
E. chrysolophus Crozet Island CROZ 45°25′S; 50°24′E 18 17 18 17
Marion Island MARI 46°50′S; 37°48′E 21 28 25 22
Kerguelen Island KERG 49°42′S; 69°46′E 14 18 20 14
Bouvet Island BOUV 54°25′S; 03°22′E 11 12 9 10
Bird Island BIRD 54°00′S; 38°02′W 5 14 13 8
Elephant Island ELEP 61°05′S; 55°00′W 10 12 10 9
E. moseleyi Nightingale Island NIGH 37°25′S; 12°28′W 18 19 20 18
Amsterdam Island AMST 37°50′S; 77°31E 26 25 29 26
E. filholi Crozet Island CROZ 46°21′S; 51°42′E 23 26 26 22
Marion Is., Whale Bird P. MARI 46° 57′S; 37 52′E 17 14 20 11
Kerguelen Islands KERG 49° 28′S; 69°57′E 21 25 24 22
Macquarie Is., Bauer Bay MACQ 54°33′S; 158°52′E 7 10 8 8
E. chrysocome Falklands/Malvinas FALK 51°03′S; 61°07′W 12 14 9 7
San Juan Bay, Staten Is. SANJ 54°43′S; 63°50′W 9 10 8 6
Franklin Bay, Staten Is. FRAN 54°51′S; 64°39′W 17 23 16 16
Terhalten Island TERH 55°26′S; 67°03′W 8 8 9 2