Figure 2: | Scientific Reports

Figure 2

From: Space lidar observations constrain longwave cloud feedback

Figure 2

Decomposition of the longwave cloud feedback into five components: the cover of opaque clouds \(({C}_{{\rm{Opaque}}})\), the altitude of the opaque clouds \(({Z}_{{T}_{{\rm{Opaque}}}})\), the cover of thin clouds \(({C}_{{\rm{Thin}}})\), the altitude of thin clouds \(({Z}_{{T}_{{\rm{Thin}}}})\), the emissivity of thin clouds \(({\varepsilon }_{{\rm{Thin}}})\). The observed short-term (blue) is derived from space lidar data between 2008 and 2014. The simulated short-term (red) is derived from model + lidar simulator simulation in present-day climate (AMIP) between 2008 and 2014. The simulated long-term (dark red) is derived from model simulations in present-day climate (AMIP) and in a warmer future climate (AMIP + 4 K). All the results are based on monthly mean data over global ocean. Lines on bars are the 95% confidence interval.