Figure 4: | Scientific Reports

Figure 4

From: Evaluating polymicrobial immune responses in patients suffering from tick-borne diseases

Figure 4

Response to Borrelia spirochetes and persistent forms increases reaction frequency to other TBD microbes. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses by patients (A) to different forms of Borrelia alone versus reactions to different forms of Borrelia together with other TBD microbes, (B) to the number of other TBD microbes with distinctive forms of Borrelia, and (C) to other specific TBD microbes together with different forms of Borrelia. Other TBD microbes include Babesia microti, Bartonella henselae, Brucella abortus, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Rickettsia akari, Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), Chlamydia pneumoniae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma fermentans, and Human parvovirus B19 (HB19V).