Figure 1 | Scientific Reports

Figure 1

From: Prenatal exposure to incubation calls affects song learning in the zebra finch

Figure 1

The effects of prenatal acoustic playback on song syllable learning in male zebra finches. Boxplots (with individual data overlaid) showing the effects of treatment (incubation calls, n = 13) and control (contact calls, n = 18) playback on the number of song syllables that males (a) copied from their father, (b) failed to copy from their father, and (c) copied from non-father males or improvised. Double asterisks (**) indicate significant difference between treatment and control males (GLMM: z = 2.78, p = 0.006).

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