Table 2 Atherosclerotic parameters in three bathing groups.

From: Habitual hot water bathing protects cardiovascular function in middle-aged to elderly Japanese subjects

  Group I
(0–4 times/w)
Group II
(5–6 times/w)
Group III
(>7 times/w)
P
Carotid IMT (mm) 0.79 ± 0.008 0.79 ± 0.009 0.78 ± 0.006 0.54
0.79 ± 0.006 0.78 ± 0.006 0.32
0.79 ± 0.0084 0.78 ± 0.0049 0.83
Carotid Max IMT (mm) 1.01 ± 0.0159 0.98 ± 0.0169 0.98 ± 0.0113 0.25
1.00 ± 0.0116 0.98 ± 0.0113 0.32
1.00 ± 0.0159 0.98 ± 0.0093 0.097
baPWV (cm/sec) 1620 ± 15.71 1568 ± 16.73 1584 ± 11.18 0.06
1596 ± 11.48 1584 ± 11.20 0.50
1620 ± 15.70 1579 ± 9.25 0.03
BNP (pg/ml) 35.9 ± 1.835 30.9 ± 1.954 29.7 ± 1.305 0.02
33.6 ± 1.34 29.7 ± 1.31 0.04
35.9 ± 1.834 30.1 ± 1.081 0.007
PP (mmHg) 59.2 ± 0.721 56.6 ± 0.768 57.4 ± 0.513 0.04
58.0 ± 0.527 57.4 ± 0.514 0.42
59.2 ± 0.72 57.1 ± 0.42 0.02
PP2 (mmHg) 51.8 ± 0.700 49.5 ± 0.746 50.3 ± 0.498 0.07
50.8 ± 0.512 50.3 ± 0.499 0.57
51.8 ± 0.700 50.1 ± 0.412 0.03
  1. Values are mean ± SD. All values are corrected for age, sex, body height, body weight, mean BP, heart rate, triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, glucose, insulin, eGFR, use of antihypertensive drugs, anti-dyslipidemic drugs, anti-diabetic drugs, current smoking and physical activity.