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Figure 1

From: Habitual hot water bathing protects cardiovascular function in middle-aged to elderly Japanese subjects

Figure 1

Change in central blood pressure related parameters across the two bathing frequency groups and two water temperature groups. Bathing frequency group I; 0–4 times/week (n = 42), group II; >5 times/week (n = 124). Water temperature; hot group (n = 22), medium + lukewarm group (n = 144). Regression analyses for change in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) (top), max carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) (middle) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) (bottom). Corrected for basal age, sex, body height, body weight, mean blood pressure, heart rate, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting glucose, insulin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, use of antihypertensive drugs, antidyslipidemia drugs, antidiabetic drugs, current smoking, physical activity and basal parameter (BNP, carotid max IMT or baPWV) for each analysis. Means ± SEM.

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