Table 1 Characteristics of PA mobilizations applied for each participant, slump test results and pain medication.

From: Short-term increase in discs’ apparent diffusion is associated with pain and mobility improvements after spinal mobilization for low back pain

Participants PA level PA location PA grade PA frequency PA time Slump Pain medication
  1st (2nd)    Hz s +/− (side)  
1 L4 III 0.5–1 720 + (left) none
2 L4 III 0.5–1 720 paracetamol
3 L5 IV 1.5–2 450 + (right) NSAID
4 L4 IV 1.5–2 720 + (right) none
5 L4 IV 1.5–2 720 none
6 L5 IV 1.5–2 600 + (left) NSAID
7 L3 IV 1.5–2 620 none
8 L3 III 0.5–1 720 paracetamol, NSAID
9 L5 III 0.5–1 630 + (left) paracetamol
10 L5 IV 1.5–2 417 + (right) NSAID
11 L5 (L1) IV 1.5–2 720 + (left) tramadol, paracetamol, NSAID
12 L4 IV 1.5–2 480 NSAID
13 L3 (T11) IV 1.5–2 720 + (right) none
14 L1 (L5) IV 1.5–2 720 + (right) none
15 L4 III 0.5–1 720 + (right) paracetamol
16 L4 III 0.5–1 720 none
  1. 1st and 2nd denote primary and secondary levels of PA mobilizations. PA grade III corresponds to a large amplitude movement that reaches the end range of movement (ROM), and grade IV to a small amplitude movement at the very end ROM, as defined by Maitland4. PA mobilizations frequency selected by OMPT was between 0.5–1 (1.5–2) Hz for grade III (IV). Slump test did not induce pain below the knees and was considered as positive (+) when pain increase was felt in the back, buttocks or thighs or negative (−) when pain did not increase. NSAID denotes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
  2. ↓Central application of mobilizations on the spinous process.
  3. Unilateral application of mobilizations on left lamina.
  4. Unilateral application of mobilizations on the right lamina.