Figure 3 | Scientific Reports

Figure 3

From: Non-predictive online spatial coding in the posterior parietal cortex when aiming ahead for catching

Figure 3

Main results. (a) Top view of a representative participant’s fingertip paths for conditions without TMS, averaged across vertical target motion directions (surface width represents the average s.d. across repetitions). The insets illustrate that across participants the initial movement direction (IMD) was in the direction of the final target zone; nevertheless, significant biases towards the initial target zone were also present (Left final zone: χ2(1) = 17.27, p = 3.2∙10−5, Right final zone: χ2(1) = 23.68, p = 1.1∙10−6; circular likelihood ratio test32; α = 0.025). For this illustration and these tests, IMD was defined as positive in rightward direction. (b) Standard boxplot for the variability of the initial movement direction (VIMD) for rTMS to SPOC. The inset depicts the Non-predictive (NP) difference to the NoTMS (NT) and Cz conditions and the Predictive contrast (P = P−(NT + Cz)/2). Individual data is depicted using unique symbol/colour/jitter combinations. Means are indicated by black diamonds; outliers are red crosses. *t(23) = 3.08, p = 0.0026, d′ = 0.63, α = 0.00625; #t(23) = 3.26, p = 0.0017, d′ = 0.67, α = 0.00313; one-tailed paired-samples t-tests. Validity of results (p-values) was confirmed using 1,000,000 bootstraps.