Figure 4 | Scientific Reports

Figure 4

From: Eco-evolutionary Feedbacks from Non-target Species Influence Harvest Yield and Sustainability

Figure 4

Harvest yield predictions from ecology only versus eco-evolutionary models. Evolution in non-target trophic levels can lead to significantly higher or lower long-term harvest yield, maximum sustainable yield, and appropriate harvest intensity. Considering ecological (red) processes only and neglecting eco-evolutionary (black) model predictions can lead to top predator overharvest, extirpation, or foregone yield, depending on which trophic levels evolve. Dashed lines show ± one standard deviation for 12 model runs. See Fig. 1 for model structure schematic.

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