Table 12 Daily average times of primary activities laboring L, sleeping S and eating M, and TV watching T.

From: Latitudinal trends in human primary activities: characterizing the winter day as a synchronizer

Country Label Labor duration Sleep time Eat time TV time
L ΔL S M TV
Time Use Survey (employees in weekday only)
United States USA 07 h55 m −01 h35 m 07 h45 m 01 h00 m 02 h40 m
Spain ESP 07 h45 m −01 h35 m 07 h30 m 01 h40 m 01 h30 m
Italy ITA 07 h40 m −01 h15 m 07 h40 m 01 h45 m 01 h30 m
Canada CAN 07 h55 m −00 h45 m 07 h45 m 01 h05 m 01 h45 m
France FRA 06 h55 m −01 h25 m 07 h35 m 01 h55 m 02 h20 m
United Kingdom GBR 07 h25 m −00 h15 m 07 h45 m 01 h15 m 01 h55 m
Ireland IRL 06 h45 m −00 h45 m 07 h30 m 01 h45 m 01 h45 m
Denmark DNK 07 h00 m −00 h00 m 07 h05 m 01 h40 m 01 h45 m
Average
Variability
2s 07 h25 m
\(55\,{\rm{\min }}\)
01 h00 m
01 h10 m
07 h35 m
\(25\,{\rm{\min }}\)
01 h30 m
\(40\,{\rm{\min }}\)
01 h55 m
\(50\,{\rm{\min }}\)
Hetus pre-prepared tables (standard population)
Spain ESP 07 h50 m −01 h25 m 08 h35 m 01 h45 m 02 h50 m
Bulgaria BGR 08 h10 m −00 h50 m 09 h05 m 02 h00 m 02 h50 m
Italy ITA 07 h35 m −01 h20 m 08 h20 m 01 h55 m 02 h00 m
Slovenia SVN 07 h30 m −01 h10 m 08 h20 m 01 h30 m 02 h25 m
France FRA 07 h10 m −01 h10 m 08 h50 m 02 h15 m 03 h10 m
Belgium BEL 07 h20 m −00 h35 m 08 h25 m 01 h50 m 02 h55 m
Germany DEU 07 h15 m −00 h40 m 08 h10 m 01 h45 m 02 h30 m
Poland POL 07 h15 m −00 h35 m 08 h30 m 01 h35 m 02 h25 m
United Kingdom GBR 07 h25 m −00 h15 m 08 h25 m 01 h25 m 02 h55 m
Lithuania LIT 07 h50 m +00 h40 m 08 h30 m 01 h30 m 02 h45 m
Latvia LVA 08 h10 m +01 h30 m 08 h40 m 01 h30 m 02 h40 m
Sweden SWE 07 h40 m +01 h35 m 08 h05 m 01 h35 m 02 h10 m
Estonia EST 08 h05 m +02 h00 m 08 h25 m 01 h15 m 02 h25 m
Norway NOR 07 h10 m +01 h15 m 08 h05 m 01 h20 m 02 h35 m
Finland FIN 07 h30 m +02 h05 m 08 h25 m 01 h20 m 03 h00 m
Average
Variability
2s 07 h35 m
\(45\,{\rm{\min }}\)
\(05\,{\rm{\min }}\)
02 h35 m
08 h25 m
\(35\,{\rm{\min }}\)
01 h40 m
\(35\,{\rm{\min }}\)
02 h40 m
\(40\,{\rm{\min }}\)
  1. Also ΔL lists the time difference of the labor time and the shortest photoperiod D w . Hetus data were retrieved from employment daily totals in main activities pre-prepared table taking into account its participation rate, and sleep daily totals in main activities 2-digit level pre-prepared tables. Times have been rounded to the nearest five-minute mark except Irish data which have been rounded to the next quarter of an hour. For each set average value and variability defined as twice sample standard deviation are reported. Data are shown in Fig. 6, bivariate correlations are shown in Table 13.