Locations of ground deformation in West Texas. 6 major sites (red stars) in West Texas display the locations influenced by human activities identified based on Sentinel-1A/B multi-temporal interferometry (background image is from Sentinel-2). To estimate 2D (east-west and vertical) deformation, the ascending (path 78; black box) and descending (path 85; white box) track Sentinel-1A/B images were integrated over the overlapped regions. West Texas’ Permian Basin contains two major aquifer systems under the influence of the Pecos River, the Pecos Valley aquifer and the Edwards-Trinity aquifer. The figure has been created using open-source software Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) 5.2.2_r15292 available at http://gmt.soest.hawaii.edu/projects/gmt/wiki/Download. The Sentinel-1A/B data used in this study were downloaded in 2017 through the Vertex online archive https://vertex.daac.asf.alaska.edu provided by Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) and the Sentinel-2 data used as a background image for this figure were obtained in 2017 through Copernicus open access hub https://scihub.copernicus.eu provided by the European Space Agency (ESA)’s Copernicus Programme.