Classification of faunal zones above the aphotic based on analysis of fish assemblages at Curaçao. Representative coral and fish species are depicted for each zone. Altiphotic: (left) the zooxanthellate coral, Acropora palmata, and (right) Thalassoma bifasciatum (depth off Curaçao 0-35 m); Mesophotic: (left) a zooxanthellate plate coral, Agaricia sp., and (right) Lipogramma levinsoni (depth off Curaçao 91–154 m); Rariphotic: (left) the lace coral Stylaster sp. and gorgonian Nicella sp., and (right) Liopropoma olneyi (depth off Curaçao 112–229 m). Photos by Federico Cabello (upper left), Kevin Bryant (upper right), C. C. Baldwin, D. R. Robertson, and L. Tornabene.