Figure 4 | Scientific Reports

Figure 4

From: Echinacoside Increases Sperm Quantity in Rats by Targeting the Hypothalamic Androgen Receptor

Figure 4

Changes in HPA-related gene expression after ECH treatment. Notes: (AD) bars represent the mRNA levels of LHβ, LHr, Gnrh 1 and Gnrhr in encephalon + pituitary. a,b,cDifferent letters above the bars indicate statistically different groups (p < 0.05). (E) hierarchical clustering of mRNA expression of different steroidogenic enzymes. Green, green-red and red colors represent low-, medium- and high abundance, respectively, n = 7. Control (treated with normal saline 10 mL/kg), ECH(L) (treated with ECH 5 mg/kg), ECH(M) group (treated with ECH 20 mg/kg), ECH(H) (treated with ECH 80 mg/kg), TP (treated with TP 15 mg/kg).

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