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Figure 2

From: Multimorbidity patterns in relation to polypharmacy and dosage frequency: a nationwide, cross-sectional study in a Japanese population

Figure 2

Associations of multimorbidity factor scores with excessive polypharmacy and higher dosage frequency in adult outpatients (N = 1,480)*. *Adjusted for age, sex, education level, annual household income; Each factor score was included individually in the model; Reference, Q1. Use of ≥10 concurrent medications.  ≥ 3 doses per day. §Cardiovascular/renal/metabolic factor score quartiles: Q1, −0.30 to −0.15; Q2, −0.09 to 0.62; Q3, 0.62 to 1.21; Q4, 1.21 to 3.09. Neuropsychiatric factor score quartiles: Q1, −1.81 to −0.40; Q2, −0.40 to −0.14; Q3, −0.13 to 0.05; Q4, 0.06 to 1.41. **Skeletal/articular/digestive factor score quartiles: Q1, −2.82 to −0.98; Q2, −0.97 to −0.37; Q3, −0.37 to −0.11; Q4, −0.11 to 0.22. ††Respiratory/dermal factor score quartiles: Q1, −0,22 to −0.12; Q2, −0.07 to 0.29; Q3, 0.31 to 0.73; Q4, 0.74 to 2.81. ‡‡Malignant/digestive/urologic factor score quartiles: Q1, −3.41 to −0.69; Q2, −0.69 to −0.26; Q3, −0.26 to −0.04; Q4, −0.03 to 0.15.

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