Table 2 Comparison of avoidant personality score and blood biomarkers between male individuals with hikikomori and healthy control.

From: Blood biomarkers of Hikikomori, a severe social withdrawal syndrome

  hikikomori healthy control p value
n median/mean IQR/SD n median/mean IQR/SD
avoidant personality score biomarkers 28 5.0 2.0 34 2.0 2.0 <0.001a
     HDL-C 24 54.1 11.8 34 58.7 14.6 0.21a
     LDL-C 24 106.0 48.0 34 118.5 38.0 0.64a
     FDP 24 0 0 34 0 0 0.36a
total bilirubin 24 0.5 0.3 34 0.6 0.2 0.20a
     UA 24 5.0 1.3 34 6.2 1.3 0.001b
     hsCRP 24 342.0 620.0 34 387.5 828.0 0.99a
  1. aMann-Whitney U test, bStudent’s or Welch’s t test.