Table 4 Prevalence of having less than 20 remaining teeth according to the frequency of coffee intake

From: Coffee Intake as a Risk Indicator for Tooth Loss in Korean Adults

  OR (95% CI)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Coffee intake (n)
<1/mo 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
2/mo–1/wk 0.87 (0.64, 1.17) 1.02 (0.73, 1.42) 1.07 (0.78, 1.48) 1.16 (0.81, 1.64)
2–6/wk 0.91 (0.73, 1.14) 1.19 (0.91, 1.55) 1.18 (0.90, 1.54) 1.34 (1.02, 1.78)
daily 0.70 (0.59, 0.83) 1.43 (1.15, 1.77) 1.48 (1.19, 1.84) 1.69 (1.35, 2.13)
  1. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. MODEL1 was non-adjusted. MODEL2 was adjusted for gender and age. MODEL3 was adjusted for gender, age, drinking, smoking, household income, physical exercise, and education level. MODEL4 was adjusted for gender, age, drinking, smoking, metabolic syndrome, household income, physical exercise, education level, BMI, number of daily tooth brushing sessions, and stress level.