Table 2 Mean, range, and 95% CI of covariates among studied countries in 2012.

From: A Global Perspective on Sulfur Oxide Controls in Coal-Fired Power Plants and Cardiovascular Disease

  Mean Range 95% CI
CVD incidence a
Males 873.90 (293.16~1994.66) (780.30~967.51)
Females 820.61 (305.85~1819.81) (731.31~909.91)
Ischemic heart diseases
Males 461.28 (156.69~859.76) (422.06~500.50)
Females 311.61 (89.37~603.3) (285.75~337.48)
Rheumatic heart diseases
Males 5.42 (0.63~32.32) (4.10~6.75)
Females 7.04 (0.72~42.60) (5.07~9.02)
SOx reductionb 47.00 (0.00~95.00) (39.50~54.51)
Smoking prevalence b
Males 29.61 (8.80~57.00) (27.24~31.99)
Females 11.80 (0.70~34.70) (9.74~13.86)
Per capita GDP (PPP)c 20.44 (0.84~63.8) (17.01~23.88)
Traffic indexb 61.29 (17.99~97.73) (56.76~65.82)
Industrializationb 18.67 (2.55~62.09) (16.45~20.90)
Coal capacityd 22726.01 (10.10~780959.5) (1495.29~43956.73)
Population e
All 72150.04 (623.86~1355386.95) (25955.69~118344.39)
Males 36378.31 (308.06~697964.30) (12550.04~60206.57)
Females 35771.73 (315.80~657422.65) (13401.46~58142.00)
  1. aUnit: incident case per 100,000.
  2. bUnit: %.
  3. cUnit: thousands United States Dollars.
  4. dUnit: megawatt.
  5. eUnit: thousand people.