Table 2 Studies reporting hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence among the general population (populations at low risk) in Iran.

From: The epidemiology of hepatitis C virus in Iran: Systematic review and meta-analyses

Author, year (citation) Year(s) of data collection City or country of survey Study site Study design Study sampling procedure Population Sample size HCV prevalence (%)
Afzali, 2003108 1996 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 6,669 0.37
Afzali, 2003108 1997 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 6,750 0.64
Afzali, 2003108 1998 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 6,922 0.59
Afzali, 2003108 1999 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 6,986 1.6
Afzali, 2003108 2001 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 7,721 1.7
Afzali, 2003108 2000 Kashan Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 8,683 1.5
Aghanjanipoor, 2006109 2002 Babol Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 16,576 0.48
Alavi, 2012110 NS Tehran NS CC Conv Healthy children 90 0.00
Alavian, 2002111 1996–1998 Tehran Blood transfusion center CC Conv Blood donors 319,375 0.09
Alavian, 2015112 2012 Isfahan Clinical: hospital & health care centers CC Conv Healthy adults 275 0
Amini, 2005113 NS Tehran Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 100 0.00
Ansar, 2002114 1997–1998 Rasht Blood transfusion center CS SRS Blood donors 5,976 0.03
Ansari-Moghaddam, 2012115 2008–2009 Zahedan Primary health care centers (community) CS Cluster sampling Residents (male) 1,207 0.66
Ansari-Moghaddam, 2012115 2008–2009 Zahedan Primary health care centers (community) CS Cluster sampling Residents (female) 1,380 0.36
Ardebili, 2012116 2007–2011 Kavar Community CS Conv General population 6,095 0.24
Arfaee, 2002117 NS Tehran Clinical: hospital & health care centers CS Conv Veterans 307 0.97
Assarehzadegan, 2008118 2005 Khuzestan Blood bank CS Conv Blood donors 400 0.00
Babak, 2008119 2006 Kermanshah Community CS Cluster sampling Residents 1,721 0.87
Barhaghtalab, 2008120 2002–2007 Fasa Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 25,491 0.55
Bozorgi, 2012121 2009 Ghazvin Blood bank CS Conv Blood donors 20,591 0.17
Chamani, 2007122 2004 Tehran Fertility clinic/IVF NS NS Infertile individuals (female) 533 0.40
Chamani, 2007122 2004 Tehran Fertility clinic/IVF CS NS Infertile individuals (male) 716 0.00
Delavari, 2004123 2003 Kerman Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors (female) 2,921 0.10
Delavari, 2004123 2003 Kerman Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors (male) 12,331 0.46
Doosti, 2009124 2003–2004 Shahre-Kord Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 11,200 0.59
Emam, 2006125 2001–2003 Jahrom Blood bank CS Conv Blood donors 3,000 0.30
EMRO, 2011126 2011 National National CS Conv Blood donors 1,986,992 0.06
Esfandiarpour, 2005127 2002–2003 Kerman NS CC NS General population 149 1.3
Esmaeili, 2004128 2004 Babol Clinical: hospital & health care centers CC NS Children not receiving blood 100 0.00
Esmaeili, 2004128 2004 Babol Clinical: hospital & health care centers CC NS Children receiving blood 100 2.0
Esmaeili, 2009129 2006–2007 Bushehr NS CS Conv Blood donors 20,294 0.21
Farajzadeh, 2005130 2001–2002 Kerman Blood transfusion center CC Conv Blood donors 96 3.1
Farshadpour, 2010131 2007–2007 Ahvaz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 2,376 2.3
Farshadpour, 2016132 2004–2014 Bushehr Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 293,454 0.10
Gachkar, 2015133 2004 Tabriz Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors (male) 399 0.00
Gerayli, 2015134 2012 Mashhad Medical Laboratory CC Conv Healthy adults 134 0
Ghaderi, 2007135 2004–2006 Birjand NS CC Conv Blood donors 150 0.67
Ghadir, 2006136 NS Golestan Community NS NS General population (male) 736 0.18
Ghadir, 2006136 NS Golestan Community NS NS General population (female) 1,387 0.85
Ghafouri, 2011137 2006–2009 South Khorasan NS CS Conv Blood donors 95,538 0.01
Ghavanini, 2000138 1998 Shiraz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 7,879 0.59
Ghezeldasht, 2015139 2009–2010 Khorasan Razavi Community CS Cluster sampling General population 1,227 0.57
Habibzadeh, 2005140 2003 Ardabil Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 441 0.23
Hajiani, 2006141 2003–2004 Tehran Blood transfusion center CC NS Blood donors 500 1.2
Hajiani, 2006142 1998–2003 Ahvaz NS CC Conv Healthy adults 360 1.0
Heydarabad, 2012143 2010–2012 Malekan NS NS NS Pregnant women 420 0.48
Hosseien, 2009144 2003–2005 Tehran Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 1,004,889 2.1
Hosseini, 2007145 2005 Boushehr NS NS NS Blood donors 19,627 0.23
Jadali, 2005146 NS Tehran NS CC NS Healthy individuals 50 0.00
Jadali, 2005147 NS NS NS CC Conv Healthy individuals 50 0.00
Jamali, 2008148 2006 Golestan Community CS Cluster sampling General population 2,049 1.0
Kafi-abad, 2009149 2004–2007 National Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 6,499,851 0.13
Karim, 2008150 2003–2005 Ahvaz Blood transfusion center CC Conv Blood donors 125 2.4
Karimi, 2008151 2004–2006 Shahre-Kord Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 35,124 0.20
Kasraian, 2008152 2007–2008 Shiraz Blood transfusion center CC Conv Blood donors 93,987 0.21
Kasraian, 2010153 2003 Shiraz Blood transfusion center Pre-post Conv Blood donors (post-earthquake) 239 0.84
Kasraian, 2010153 2003 Shiraz Blood transfusion center Pre-post Conv Blood donors (pre-earthquake) 1,694 0.47
Kasraian, 2015154 2002 Shiraz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors NS 0.19
Kasraian, 2015154 2003 Shiraz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors NS 0.13
Kasraian, 2015154 2004 Shiraz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors NS 0.09
Kasraian, 2015154 2005 Shiraz Regional blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors NS 0.16
Kavoosi, 2008155 2004–2005 Kermanshah NS CC Conv Healthy adults 57 1.7
Kazeminejad, 2005156 2003 Gorgan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 38,920 0.19
Keshvari, 2015157 2008 Tehran Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 296,567 0.14
Keshvari, 2015157 2013 Tehran Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 282,010 0.07
Khedmat, 2007158 2005–2006 Tehran Blood transfusion center CS SRS Blood donors 1,014 2.1
Khodabandehloo, 2013159 2008–2011 Semnan NS CS Conv Blood donors 124,704 0.03
Kordi, 2011160 NS Tehran Community CC Cluster sampling Volleyball and soccer players 410 0.00
Kordi, 2011160 NS Tehran Community CC Cluster sampling Wrestlers (male) 420 0.48
Mahmoudian, 2006161 2003–2004 Mixed (28 provinces unspecified) Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 1,489,935 0.07
Maneshi, 2010162 2004–2008 Bushehr Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 51,884 0.33
Mansour-Ghanaei, 2007163 1998–2003 Guilan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 221,508 0.32
Masaeli, 2006164 2002–2003 Isfahan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 29,458 0.24
Merat, 201054 2006 Mixed (Golestan, Tehran, Hormozgan) Community CS Cluster sampling General population 5,684 0.88
Metanet, 2006165 2004 Zahedan NS CC Conv Blood donors 1,399 0.07
Moezzi, 2015166 NS Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Community CS Single stage cluster sampling Adults 3,000 1.4
Mogaddam, 2010167 NS Ardabil Blood bank CC NS Blood donors 60 0.00
Mohammadali, 2014168 2005–2011 Tehran Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 2,031,451 0.39
Mohebbi, 2011169 2007–2008 Lorestan Primary health care centers (community) CS Conv Pregnant women 827 0.24
Moniri, 2004170 2001–2002 Kashan Blood bank CS Conv Blood donors 600 0.50
Monsour-Ghanaei, 200773 2003 Guilan Community CS Conv Residents of nursing home 383 2.3
Moradi, 2007171 2001–2002 Saravan city, Sistan and Baluchistan Community CS Cluster sampling Women in childbearing ages 356 0.84
Motlagh, 2001172 1999–2000 Ahvaz NS CS Conv Pregnant women 80 0.00
Mousavi, 2010173 2008 Khuzestan Clinical setting (hospital) CS Conv Renal transplant donors 79 0.00
Mousavi, 2011174 2009–2010 Ahvaz Clinical setting (hospital) CS Conv Renal transplant donors 52 0.00
Pourshams, 2005175 2001 Tehran Blood bank CS SRS Blood donors 1,959 0.46
Poustchi, 201156 NS Golestan Community CS Cluster sampling General population 49,338 0.50
Rahbar, 2004176 2001–2002 Mashhad Blood transfusion center CS NS Blood donors 60,892 0.10
Rahnama, 2005177 2000–2001 Kerman Regional blood transfusion center CC SRS Blood donors 140 2.1
Razjou, 2012178 2009 National Blood bank CS Conv Blood donors 1,494,282 0.13
Rezaie, 2016179 2011–2015 Semnan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 42,253 0.06
Rezazadeh, 2006180 2004–2005 Hamadan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 18,306 0.43
Roshan, 2012181 2007–2008 Ahvaz Fertility clinic/IVF CS Conv Infertile couples (male) 712 0.84
Roshan, 2012181 2007–2008 Ahvaz Fertility clinic/IVF CS Conv Infertile couple (female) 712 0.42
Salehi, 2011182 2002–2006 Isfahan Clinical: hospital & health care centers CS Conv Blood donors 4,808 0.27
Samadi, 2014183 2012 Ahvaz Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 2,108 0.00
Seyed-Askari, 2015184 2009–2013 Kerman Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 360,722 0.08
Shaheli, 2015185 2012 Shiraz Community CC Conv Healthy adults 100 0
Shahshahani, 2013186 2004–2010 Yazd Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 346,471 0.07
Shakeri, 2013187 2010–2011 Mashhad Community CS Cluster sampling General population 3,870 0.13
Shamsdin, 2012188 2010–2011 Shiraz Community CS Conv General population 2,080 0.72
Sofian, 2010189 2008 Arak Regional blood transfusion center CS SRS Blood donors 531 0.19
Sohrabpour, 2010190 NS Mixed (Hormozgan, Tehran, Golestan) Community CS Cluster sampling General population 5,589 0.88
Tahereh, 2005191 2000–2002 Ghazvin Blood transfusion center CS SRS Blood donors 39,598 0.25
Taheri, 2008192 2003–2005 Rasht Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 49,820 0.18
Tajbakhsh, 2007193 2004 Shahrekord Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 11,472 0.60
Tanomand, 2007194 2005 Malekan city Clinical setting (hospital) CS SRS General population 346 0.29
Vahidi, 2000195 1996 Kerman Clinical setting (hospital) CC Conv Healthy children 107 0.00
Yazdani, 2006196 1998–2000 Kermanshah Clinical setting (hospital) CS Conv Pregnant women 2,000 0.60
Zamani, 2013197 2008–2011 Mazandaran Primary health care centers (community) CS Cluster sampling General population 6,145 0.08
Zanjani, 2013198 2005–2006 Zanjan Blood transfusion center CS Conv Blood donors 29716 0.11
  1. aAbbreviations: CC, case-control; Conv, convenience; CS, cross-sectional; EMRO, Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (WHO); IVF, in vitro fertilization; NS, not specified, SRS; simple random sampling.
  2. bThe decimal places of the prevalence figures are as reported in the original reports, but prevalence figures with more than one decimal places were rounded to one decimal place, with the exception of those below 1%.