Table 1 Descriptive statistics and results of ANOVAs comparing first five foraging bouts with the last five performed on the first day of foraging.

From: Continuous Radar Tracking Illustrates the Development of Multi-destination Routes of Bumblebees

Dependent variable Mean ± s.d. First bouts Mean ± s.d. Last bouts N (Bees) d.f. F P
Path length, total 1016.3 ± 785.4 538.9 ± 280.1 4 1,35 7.12 0.0115
Straight-line path length 418.4 ± 240.2 428.6 ± 211.7 4 1,35 0.10 0.7515
Straight-line/observed path length 0.53 ± 0.21 0.82 ± 0.14 4 1,35 31.2 <0.001
Duration, total 1140.7 ± 1132.6 402.6 ± 120.4 4 1,35 9.93 0.0033
Visit sequence optimality 0.44 ± 0.15 0.55 ± 0.16 4 1,35 7.02 0.0120
Straightness 0.63 ± 0.12 0.82 ± 0.11 4 1,35 23.9 <0.001
Visit sequence self-similarity 0.65 ± 0.16 0.69 ± 0.15 4 1,35 0.923 0.3434
Flight path self-similarity 0.46 ± 0.14 0.56 ± 0.17 4 1,35 4.97 0.0324
Mean flight path leg similarity 0.43 ± 0.10 0.52 ± 0.08 4 1,35 10.5 0.0027