Heatmap of the lncRNA expression patterns in fipronil, chlorpyrifos, Bt-resistance strain and different developmental stage. (A) Expression profile changes in lncRNA transcripts across control and fipronil- and chlorpyrifos-resistant strains. (B) Expression profile changes of lncRNA transcripts across Bt-resistance strains (MM, GK and MK). (C) Hierarchical clustering of expressional abundance of lncRNA transcripts in egg, larvae, pupae and adult. LncRNAs specifically expressed in the fipronil- and chlorpyrifos-strains are listed in Supplementary Tables S1 and S2. The lncRNAs specifically expressed in the Bt-resistance strains are listed in Supplementary Tables S3 and S4. The lncRNAs specifically expressed in different developmental stages are listed in Supplementary Tables S5, S6, S7 and S8.