Figure 5 | Scientific Reports

Figure 5

From: Quantifying the potential for bursting bubbles to damage suspended cells

Figure 5

Maximum EDR experienced by a particle over the duration of the bubble rupture based on its initial position. We see that the region immediately adjacent to the bubble experiences EDR levels in excess of 108 W m−3. The region of high EDR values extends further into the surroundings near the bottom of the bubble, demonstrating the influence of the downward jet. In contrast to the previous method of extracting a single maximum EDR value, increasing the mesh resolution by 4× does not alter the results.

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