PLFL setup and process modelling results. Illustration of the experimental set-up (a,b) and thermal mechanism regimes for chosen particle diameters (dp) within the liquid jet (c to f), based on the pulse energy distribution modeling of the liquid jet and calculated particles’ Mie absorption cross-section. The laser beam enters at the left side for diagrams of thermal mechanism regimes. Blue colored regimes relate to melting and red colored ones to decomposition processes. White colored areas within the black circled jet boarder mark either, due to refraction, non-irradiated areas or regimes of such low energy densities that no thermal mechanism affecting a whole particle volume is taking place. In addition, particle diameter dependent absorbance, measured with an analytical disc centrifuge at 405 nm, of the educt powder is shown (g) and used for identifying the most absorbing particle size fractions.