Table 1 General and gastrointestinal characteristics of the study population (n = 40 infants).

From: Lactate-utilizing community is associated with gut microbiota dysbiosis in colicky infants

General characteristics
Gestation (weeks)
37 2 (5.0)     
38 3 (7.5)     
39 11 (27.5)     
40 13 (32.5)     
41 9 (22.5)     
42 2 (5.0)     
Mode of delivery
Caesarean section 11 (27.5)     
Vaginal delivery 29 (72.5)     
Gender
Female 22 (55.0)     
Male 18 (45.0)     
Birth weight (kg)
>4 3 (7.5)     
3.5–4 13 (32.5)     
3–3.5 18 (45.0)     
2.5–3 4 (10.0)     
<2.5 2 (5.0)     
Gastrointestinal symptoms 2 weeks 1 month 2 months 3 months 6 months
Colic Diagnostic Criteria 1 a
No 32 (80.0) 21 (53.9) 26 (68.4) 32 (88.9) 39 (97.5)
Yes 8 (20.0) 18 (46.1) 12 (31.6) 4 (11.1) 1 (2.5)
Colic Diagnostic Criteria 2 b
No 37 (92.5) 37 (94.9) 34 (89.5) 36 (100) 40 (100)
Yes 3 (7.5) 2 (5.1) 4 (10.5) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Colic Diagnostic Criteria 3 c
No 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Yes 40 (100) 39 (100) 38 (100) 40 (100) 40 (100)
Colic episode
No 37 (92.5) 37 (94.9) 34 (89.5) 36 (100) 40 (100)
Yes 3 (7.5) 2 (5.1) 4 (10.5) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Colic
No 32 (80) NA NA NA NA
Yes 8 (20) NA NA NA NA
Flatulence/Bloating
No 17 (42.5) 11 (28.2) 12 (31.58) 20 (55.6) 35 (87.5)
Yes 23 (57.5) 28 (71.8) 26(68.4) 16 (44.4) 5 (12.5)
Light 14 (35) 10 (25.6) 10 (26.3) 11 (30.5) 4 (10)
Mild 7 (17.5) 15 (38.5) 12 (31.6) 5 (13.9) 1 (2.5)
Strong 2 (5.0) 3 (7.7) 4 (10.5) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Cramp
No 20 (50.0) 14 (35.9) 12 (31.6) 25 (69.4) 33 (82.5)
Yes 20 (50.0) 25 (64.1) 26 (68.4) 11 (30.6) 7 (17.5)
Light 11 (27.5) 9 (23.1) 13 (34.29 6 (16.7) 7 (17.5)
Mild 7 (17.5) 15 (38.5) 12 (31.6) 5 (13.9) 0 (0)
Strong 2 (5.0) 1 (2.6) 1 (2.6) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Crying
<1 h/d 16 (42.1) 9 (23.7) 13 (34.2) 16 (44.4) 29 (72.5)
>1 h/d 22 (57.9) 29 (76.3) 25 (65.8) 20 (55.6) 11 (27.5)
  1. Data were presented as n(%).
  2. aParoxysms of irritability, fussing, or crying that start and stop without obvious cause;
  3. bEpisodes lasting 3 or more hours per day and occurring at least 3 days per week for at least 1 week;
  4. cNo failure to thrive.
  5. Data were presented as n(%).