Each coloured dot represents one lake’s average lake-wide correlation coefficient between chl-a and LST, as in Fig. 2. The size of the dot reflects the significance of the Kendall’s rank correlation p-value. The colour of the dot reflects the value of the correlation coefficient in parallel with the y axis. The y-axis is hyperbolic sine transformed and the x axis is log10 transformed for visualization purposes. The grey dots represent the interannual correlation coefficients for the five North American Great Lakes based on in situ data. The black line represents the effect of median chl-a concentration on the interannual correlation between chl-a and LST using remotely-sensed data after accounting for and removing variability attributable to other lake characteristics (elevation, latitude, lake surface area, lake perimeter, mean depth, salinity, median temperature; see methods).