Figure 5 | Scientific Reports

Figure 5

From: Development of an ensemble Kalman filter data assimilation system for the Venusian atmosphere

Figure 5

Latitude–height cross sections of the averaged ensemble spread in (a,c and e) meridional wind (colour shades; m s−1) and (b,d and f) temperature (colour shades; K) for Cases (a,b) Frf, (c,d) H1 and (e,f) Vmc. Values are normalised by their horizontal average at each altitude (line plots in right small panels). The zonal mean zonal winds ‘U’ (m s−1) and temperature deviations ‘\({{\rm{T}}}_{{\rm{d}}}\)’ (K) obtained from their horizontal average are also shown in black contours in panels (a,c and e) and (b,d and f), respectively. All values are averaged over 20 Earth days.