Table 2 Univariate results for objective spinal stiffness - Study 1a.

From: Feeling stiffness in the back: a protective perceptual inference in chronic back pain

Factor Test statistic p-value Effect size
AvgStiff at 60 N - Univariate results of repeated measures MANOVA
Group F1,28 = 0.60 0.44 partial η2 = 0.021
Time F1,28 = 0.34 0.56 partial η2 = 0.012
Group x Time F1,28 = 0.019 0.89 partial η2 = 0.001
TermStiff at 60 N - Univariate results of repeated measures MANOVA
Group F1,28 = 0.53 0.47 partial η2 = 0.019
Time F1,28 = 1.86 0.18 partial η2 = 0.062
Group x Time F1,28 = 1.16 0.21 partial η2 = 0.055
Stiffness at 55 N - Univariate results of MANOVA
AvgStiff: Group t2,28 = −0.082 0.94 d = 0.029
TermStiff: Group t2,28 = 1.67 0.11 d = 0.61
Stiffness at 70 N – Univariate results of MANOVA
AvgStiff: Group t2,28 = 0.18 0.86 d = 0.062
TermStiff: Group t2,28 = 1.03 0.31 d = 0.38