Figure 1 | Scientific Reports

Figure 1

From: Feeling stiffness in the back: a protective perceptual inference in chronic back pain

Figure 1

Study 1a results. (a) Picture of the indentor and participant set-up (b). Scatterplots depicting the correlation between feelings of stiffness and objective measures of stiffness in people with chronic back pain and stiffness (c). Mean and standard error for objective spinal stiffness measures at 60 N in healthy control participants and participants with chronic back pain and stiffness. Abbreviations: AvgStiff = Average stiffness; TermStiff = Terminal stiffness.