Table 1 Characteristics of the tested CuONMs (Source: FP7-SUN (Sustainable Nanotechnologies European Commission funded project).

From: Multigenerational effects of copper nanomaterials (CuONMs) are different of those of CuCl2: exposure in the soil invertebrate Enchytraeus crypticus

Characteristics CuONMs
Manufacturer Plasma Chem
CAS number 1317‐38‐0
Primary size distribution (average) 3–35 (12)
Mode (1st quartile - 3rd quartile) [nm] 10 (9.2–14)
Shape Semi-spherical
Average crystallite size [nm] 9.3
Crystallite phases (%) Tenorite 100%
Dispersability in water: D50 [nm]; 139.5 ± 4.6;
Average agglomeration number (AAN) 346
Dispersability in modified MEM: D50 [nm]; 85.2 ± 2.7;
Average agglomeration number (AAN) 77
Z‐potential in UP water [mV] +28.1 ± 0.6
Isoelectric point [pH] 10.3
Photocatalysis: photon efficiency [unitless] 1.5 × 10–4
Specific Surface Area [m2 g-1] 47.0 ± 1.7
Pore sizes [nm] 13.5 ± 1.6 (BJH) 23.0 ± 0.9 (AVG)
Surface chemistry [atomic fraction] Cu = 0.46 ± 0.05; O = 0.47 ± 0.05 C = 0.07 ± 0.01