Table 1 Seed size measurements on assemblages of archaeological horsegram from various sites and archaeological phases, including seed length (L) and seed width (W) averages and standard deviation.

From: Seed coat thinning during horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) domestication documented through synchrotron tomography of archaeological seeds

Site Source Period Length sample size (n) Median age L ave L. stdev Width n= Median age W. ave W. stdev Figure 1
Loteshwar García-Granero 2015 2700–2300 BC 1 −2300 1.69 1 −2300 1.46   47
Rojdi Weber 1991 2000–1700 BC 9 (ave. only) −1850 3.92 nr 9 −1850 2.38 nr 19
Hallur (98A Layer 8) This study ca. 1900 BC 0 1 −1900 1.72 H
Piklihal This study 1900–1600 BC 53 −1750 3.413396 0.409962 104 −1750 2.286731 0.344066 Pi
Sanganakallu This study 1770–1600 BC 2 −1685 3.305 0.33234 5 −1685 2.564 0.231366 S
Hallur (98A Layer 6) This study 1800–1500 BC 3 −1650 3.86 0.15 6 −1650 2.54 0.22 H
Sanganakallu This study 1600–1400 BC 5 −1500 3.534 0.508557 9 −1500 2.458889 0.347687 S
Tuljapur Garhi Kajale 1996 1700–1200 BC 3 −1450 3.833333 0.650641 3 −1450 2.55 0.589491 14
Hallur (98A Layer 4) This study 1500–1300 BC 11 −1400 3.62 0.33 17 −1400 2.39 0.45 H
Sanganakallu This study 1400–1250 BC 191 −1325 3.50487 0.51775 285 −1325 2.413204 0.447362 S
Inamgaon Vishnu-Mittre and Savithri 1976 1500–900 BC 17 −1200 4.3677 0.74539 17 −1200 2.9559 0.61387 12
Veerapuram Kajale 1984 1200–800 BC 10 −1000 4.39 0.32515 10 −1000 2.87 0.45521 2
Noh Vishnu-Mittre 1974 300–1 BC 5 −150 4.35 0.48734 5 −150 3 0.467707 7
Paithan (phase 1) This study 300 BC–100 AD 20 −100 3.5535 0.5836 19 −100 2.195789 0.366717 Pa
Paithan (phase 2) This study 0–500 AD 3 250 4.086667 0.553745 3 250 2.93 0.335112 Pa
Piklihal This study 200–400 AD 1 300 2.36 Pi
Piklihal This study 200–400 AD 1 300 2.65 Pi
Paithan (phase 3) This study 400–600 AD 0 500 6 500 2.906667 0.748269 Pa
  1. Seed measurements from this study are provided raw in Table S6. Median age is based upon currently accepted archaeological and radiocarbon information at time of publication49,50,51,52,53.