Figure 1 | Scientific Reports

Figure 1

From: Formation Mechanism for 2015/16 Super El Niño

Figure 1

(a) Time series of the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) averaged over Niño3 (i.e., Niño3 index) from ERSST. Here Niño3 region is bounded by 5°S-5°N and 150°W-90°W. (b) Temporal evolution of Niño3 SSTA. Purple line indicates the 2015/16 El Niño (i.e., 2015EN), red line indicates the composite of traditional super EN events (i.e., 1982/83 EN and 1997/98 EN), and the blue line indicates the composite of the regular EN events during 1980–2015 (including 1986/87, 1987/88, 1991/92, 1994/95, 2002/03, 2004/05, 2006/07 and 2009/10 ENs). The light blue shading indicates the inter-case spread, which is estimated with the inter-case standard deviation of the regular EN events. The magenta dashed lines divide the development of 2015EN into two stages, i.e., the initial developing stage (FMAMJJ[0]) and the late developing stage ([ASON[0]]). Here year[0] and year[−1] indicate the year of an EN event and the preceding year, respectively. This figure was generated by the NCAR Command Language (NCL, version 6.2.1, [Software]. (2014). Boulder, Colorado: UCAR/NCAR/CISL/VETS. http://dx.doi.org/10.5065/D6WD3XH5) and the licensed Microsoft PowerPoint.

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