Table 3 Characteristics of the tested CuO-NPs (Source: FP7-SUN project).

From: Shorter lifetime of a soil invertebrate species when exposed to copper oxide nanoparticles in a full lifespan exposure test

Characteristics CuO-NPs
Manufacturer Plasma Chem
CAS number 1317-38‐0
Primary size distribution (average) 3–35 (12)
Mode (1st quartile - 3rd quartile)[nm] 10 (9.2–14)
Shape Semi-spherical
Average crystallite size [nm] 9.3
Crystallite phases (%) Tenorite 100%
Dispersability in water: D50 [nm]; 139.5 ± 4.6;
average agglomeration number (AAN) 346
Dispersability in modified MEM: D50 [nm]; 85.2 ± 2.7;
average agglomeration number (AAN) 77
Z‐potential in UP water [mV] +28.1 ± 0.6
Isoelectric point [pH] 10.3
Photocatalysis: photon efficiency [unitless] 1.5 × 10−4
Specific Surface Area [m2 g−1] 47.0 ± 1.7
Pore sizes [nm] 13.5 ± 1.6 (BJH)
23.0 ± 0.9 (AVG)
Surface chemistry [atomic fraction] Cu = 0.46 ± 0.05; O = 0.47 ± 0.05
C = 0.07 ± 0.01
Chemical impurities [mg kg−1] Na: 505 ± 30; Pb: 36 ± 2 Ag: 13 ± 4