Figure 8 | Scientific Reports

Figure 8

From: Formal Definitions of Unbounded Evolution and Innovation Reveal Universal Mechanisms for Open-Ended Evolution in Dynamical Systems

Figure 8

Heat maps of compression C (left) and Lyapunov exponent values k (right) for all state trajectories of sampled o for Case I CA. From top to bottom w o  = 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, with distributions shown for \({w}_{e}=\tfrac{1}{2}{w}_{o}\), w o , \(\tfrac{3}{2}{w}_{o}\), 2w o and \(\tfrac{5}{2}{w}_{o}\) (from top to bottom in each panel, respectively) for each w o . Distributions are normalized to the total size of sampled trajectories for each w o and w e (see statistics in Table S3).

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