Figure 5 | Scientific Reports

Figure 5

From: Formal Definitions of Unbounded Evolution and Innovation Reveal Universal Mechanisms for Open-Ended Evolution in Dynamical Systems

Figure 5

Distribution of recurrence times t r for the state trajectory of o for Case I CA. From top to bottom are distributions for w e  = 1/2w o , w o , 3/2w o , 2w o and 5/2w o , respectively. In all panels the black horizontal line indicates where t r /t P  = 1 (shown on a log scale). Sampled trajectories displaying UE occur for t r /t P  > 1.

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