Figure 3 | Scientific Reports

Figure 3

From: Formal Definitions of Unbounded Evolution and Innovation Reveal Universal Mechanisms for Open-Ended Evolution in Dynamical Systems

Figure 3

Example of the implementation of a Case I organism in our example. Shown is an organism o of width w o  = 4, coupled to an environment e with width w e  = 6, where the rule of o at time step t is r o (t) = 30. (a) At each time step t, the frequency of ordered triplets are compared in the state of the organism and that of the environment, s o and s e respectively, and used to update \({r}_{o}(t)\to {r}_{o}(t+1)\) (see text for algorithm description). (b) Table of the calculated frequency of ordered triplets in the state of the environment and in the state of the organism for time step t shown in the left panel. (c) Update of r o from Rule 30 to Rule 62, based on the frequency of triplets in the table (b).

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