Table 1 Input data sources. All data sources listed are openly available online.

From: Predictive mapping of the global power system using open data

Dataset Source Spatial Resolution Temporal Resolution Year used
Road/electricity networks OSM: daily 2019
Night-time lights VIIRS-DNB: 450 m monthly 2017
Population GHS-POP: 250 m annual 2015
Urban extents GHS-SMOD: 1,000 m annual 2015
Administrative areas Natural Earth Data: annual 2019
Digital elevation model NASA SRTM: 1 arc second annual 2000
Electrification rates World Bank: annual 2016
Land cover ESA: 300 m annual 2015