Table 1 Input data sources. All data sources listed are openly available online.

From: Predictive mapping of the global power system using open data

Dataset Source Spatial Resolution Temporal Resolution Year used
Road/electricity networks OSM: https://planet.openstreetmap.org daily 2019
Night-time lights VIIRS-DNB: https://ngdc.noaa.gov/eog/viirs/download_dnb_composites.html 450 m monthly 2017
Population GHS-POP: https://ghsl.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ghs_pop2019.php 250 m annual 2015
Urban extents GHS-SMOD: https://ghsl.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ghs_smod2019.php 1,000 m annual 2015
Administrative areas Natural Earth Data: https://naturalearthdata.com annual 2019
Digital elevation model NASA SRTM: http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org/srtmdata 1 arc second annual 2000
Electrification rates World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS annual 2016
Land cover ESA: https://maps.elie.ucl.ac.be/CCI/viewer 300 m annual 2015