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Guilty by association: Epstein–Barr virus in multiple sclerosis

Two new studies provide robust epidemiological evidence and a mechanistic link, with potential implications for strategies that target Epstein–Barr virus.

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Fig. 1: Potential mechanisms of EBV’s involvement in MS.


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Correspondence to Amit Bar-Or.

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Competing interests

A.B.-O. has participated as a speaker in meetings sponsored by and has received consulting fees from Accure, Atara Biotherapeutics, Biogen, BMS/Celgene/Receptos, GlaxoSmithKline, Gossamer, Janssen/Actelion, Medimmune, Merck/EMD Serono, Novartis, Roche/Genentech and Sanofi-Genzyme, and has received grant support to the University of Pennsylvania from Biogen Idec, Roche/Genentech, Merck/EMD Serono and Novartis.

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Bar-Or, A., Banwell, B., Berger, J.R. et al. Guilty by association: Epstein–Barr virus in multiple sclerosis. Nat Med 28, 904–906 (2022).

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