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Implications of legacy lead for children’s brain development

Children at a higher risk of lead exposure develop smaller brain cortical surface area and volume, but only if they are from low-income families.

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Fig. 1: Timeline of consumption of lead in gasoline in the USA and mean population blood-lead levels across the past 100 years.


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Correspondence to Avshalom Caspi.

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Reuben, A., Elliott, M. & Caspi, A. Implications of legacy lead for children’s brain development. Nat Med 26, 23–25 (2020).

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