NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES

A disease transition in sub-Saharan Africa

Lancet Glob. Health 7, e1375–e1387 (2019)

Between 1990 and 2017, there was a 67% increase in the all-age disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to non-communicable disease (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa.

The disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa is largely attributable to infectious diseases. However, there is an increase in the prevalence of NCDs in low- and middle-income countries as they develop, known as the epidemiological transition, and the prevalence of this transition in the region is not known.

Heba Gouda and colleagues analyzed data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 to identify the DALYs attributable to NCDs in this region. The results show that the rise in NCDs in this region is substantial and poses a major challenge to healthcare systems.

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Correspondence to Hannah Stower.

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Stower, H. A disease transition in sub-Saharan Africa. Nat Med 25, 1647 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-019-0659-0

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