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Cascading risks of waterborne diseases from climate change

Climate change can trigger a sequence of events of significant magnitude with consequences for waterborne diseases. Heavy rainfall, flooding and hot weather are associated with waterborne diseases, but early warning systems could intercept these cascading risks.

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Fig. 1: Graphical representation of the cascading risk pathways from climate change for waterborne diseases.
Fig. 2


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I would like to thank J. Takkinen and M. Catchpole at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control for critical feedback on the manuscript. The views and opinions expressed herein are the author’s own and do not necessarily state or reflect those of the ECDC. The ECDC is not responsible for the data and information collation and analysis and cannot be held liable for conclusions or opinions drawn.

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Correspondence to Jan C. Semenza.

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Semenza, J.C. Cascading risks of waterborne diseases from climate change. Nat Immunol 21, 484–487 (2020).

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