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Vaccine hesitancy and coercion: all eyes on France

With record levels of vaccine hesitancy and one of the most drastic reinforcements of vaccine mandates in recent years, there is much to learn from the French experience.

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Fig. 1: Opinions regarding vaccination in general: trends since 2000 (France, adults 18+ years, N = 15,000–30,000).

Barometers from 2000 to 2017, Santé Publique France


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The authors would like to thank Santé Publique France for providing access to the Health Barometers databases. This work was supported by a CNRS Momentum grant (to J.K.W.), funds by the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire (IHU) Méditerranée Infection, the National Research Agency (convention. 15-CE36-0008-01) and the program ‘Investissements d’avenir’ (convention ANR-10-IAHU-03), the Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, the European funding FEDER PRIMI, the Institute for Research in Public Health (convention 17-PREV-39), and the ITMO Cancer (Plan cancer 2014–2019). The funding sources had no involvement in the research nor any role in the writing of the manuscript and the decision to submit it for publication.

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All authors participated in the literature search, the analysis and the writing of the paper.

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Correspondence to Jeremy K. Ward.

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Ward, J.K., Peretti-Watel, P., Bocquier, A. et al. Vaccine hesitancy and coercion: all eyes on France. Nat Immunol 20, 1257–1259 (2019).

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