Halliley, J. L. et al. Long-lived plasma cells are contained within the CD19−CD38hiCD138+ subset in human bone marrow. Immunity 43, 132–145 (2015).
Dorner, T. & Radbruch, A. Antibodies and B cell memory in viral immunity. Immunity 27, 384–392 (2007).
Phan, T. G. & Tangye, S. G. Memory B cells: total recall. Curr. Opin. Immunol. 45, 132–140 (2017).
Bannard, O. & Cyster, J. G. Germinal centers: programmed for affinity maturation and antibody diversification. Curr. Opin. Immunol. 45, 21–30 (2017).
Shlomchik, M. J. & Weisel, F. Germinal center selection and the development of memory B and plasma cells. Immunol. Rev. 247, 52–63 (2012).
Schittek, B. & Rajewsky, K. Maintenance of B-cell memory by long-lived cells generated from proliferating precursors. Nature 346, 749–751 (1990).
Weisel, F. J., Zuccarino-Catania, G. V., Chikina, M. & Shlomchik, M. J. A temporal switch in the germinal center determines differential output of memory B and plasma cells. Immunity 44, 116–130 (2016).
Jaimes, M. C. et al. Maturation and trafficking markers on rotavirus-specific B cells during acute infection and convalescence in children. J. Virol. 78, 10967–10976 (2004).
Onodera, T. et al. Memory B cells in the lung participate in protective humoral immune responses to pulmonary influenza virus reinfection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 2485–2490 (2012).
Joo, H. M., He, Y., Sundararajan, A., Huan, L. & Sangster, M. Y. Quantitative analysis of influenza virus-specific B cell memory generated by different routes of inactivated virus vaccination. Vaccine 28, 2186–2194 (2010).
Schenkel, J. M. & Masopust, D. Tissue-resident memory T cells. Immunity 41, 886–897 (2014).
Dogan, I. et al. Multiple layers of B cell memory with different effector functions. Nat. Immunol. 10, 1292–1299 (2009).
Pape, K. A., Taylor, J. J., Maul, R. W., Gearhart, P. J. & Jenkins, M. K. Different B cell populations mediate early and late memory during an endogenous immune response. Science 331, 1203–1207 (2011).
Palladino, G., Mozdzanowska, K., Washko, G. & Gerhard, W. Virus-neutralizing antibodies of immunoglobulin G (IgG) but not of IgM or IgA isotypes can cure influenza virus pneumonia in SCID mice. J. Virol. 69, 2075–2081 (1995).
Tomayko, M. M., Steinel, N. C., Anderson, S. M. & Shlomchik, M. J. Cutting edge: hierarchy of maturity of murine memory B cell subsets. J. Immunol. 185, 7146–7150 (2010).
Bernasconi, N. L., Traggiai, E. & Lanzavecchia, A. Maintenance of serological memory by polyclonal activation of human memory B cells. Science 298, 2199–2202 (2002).
Lee, F. E. et al. Circulating human antibody-secreting cells during vaccinations and respiratory viral infections are characterized by high specificity and lack of bystander effect. J. Immunol. 186, 5514–5521 (2011).
Adachi, Y. et al. Distinct germinal center selection at local sites shapes memory B cell response to viral escape. J. Exp. Med. 212, 1709–1723 (2015).
Moyron-Quiroz, J. E. et al. Role of inducible bronchus associated lymphoid tissue (iBALT) in respiratory immunity. Nat. Med. 10, 927–934 (2004).
Hwang, J. Y., Randall, T. D. & Silva-Sanchez, A. Inducible bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue: taming inflammation in the lung. Front. Immunol. 7, 258 (2016).
Taylor, J. J., Pape, K. A. & Jenkins, M. K. A germinal center-independent pathway generates unswitched memory B cells early in the primary response. J. Exp. Med. 209, 597–606 (2012).
Zaid, A. et al. Persistence of skin-resident memory T cells within an epidermal niche. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, 5307–5312 (2014).
McMaster, S. R. et al. Pulmonary antigen encounter regulates the establishment of tissue-resident CD8 memory T cells in the lung airways and parenchyma. Mucosal Immunol. 11, 1071–1078 (2018).
Moyron-Quiroz, J. E. et al. Persistence and responsiveness of immunologic memory in the absence of secondary lymphoid organs. Immunity 25, 643–654 (2006).
Vu Van, D. et al. Local T/B cooperation in inflamed tissues is supported by T follicular helper-like cells. Nat. Commun. 7, 10875 (2016).
Rao, D. A. et al. Pathologically expanded peripheral T helper cell subset drives B cells in rheumatoid arthritis. Nature 542, 110–114 (2017).
Keating, R. et al. The kinase mTOR modulates the antibody response to provide cross-protective immunity to lethal infection with influenza virus. Nat. Immunol. 14, 1266–1276 (2013).
Matloubian, M. et al. Lymphocyte egress from thymus and peripheral lymphoid organs is dependent on S1P receptor 1. Nature 427, 355–360 (2004).
Misulovin, Z., Yang, X. W., Yu, W., Heintz, N. & Meffre, E. A rapid method for targeted modification and screening of recombinant bacterial artificial chromosome. J. Immunol. Methods 257, 99–105 (2001).
Beckett, D., Kovaleva, E. & Schatz, P. J. A minimal peptide substrate in biotin holoenzyme synthetase-catalyzed biotinylation. Protein Sci. 8, 921–929 (1999).