Berezney, R., Dubey, D. D. & Huberman, J. A. Heterogeneity of eukaryotic replicons, replicon clusters, and replication foci. Chromosoma. 108, 471–484 (2000).
Rhind, N. & Gilbert, D. M. DNA Replication timing. Cold Spring Harb. Perspect. Biol. 5, 1–26 (2013).
Prioleau, M. N. & MacAlpine, D. M. DNA replication origins: where do we begin? Gene. Dev. 30, 1683–1697 (2016).
Rivera-Mulia, J. C. & Gilbert, D. M. Replication timing and transcriptional control: beyond cause and effect: part III. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 40, 168–178 (2016).
Hiratani, I. et al. Genome-wide dynamics of replication timing revealed by in vitro models of mouse embryogenesis. Genome Res. 20, 155–169 (2010).
Lieberman-Aiden, E. et al. Comprehensive mapping of long-range interactions reveals folding principles of the human genome. Science 326, 289–293 (2009).
Ryba, T. et al. Evolutionarily conserved replication timing profiles predict long-range chromatin interactions and distinguish closely related cell types. Genome Res. 20, 761–770 (2010).
Ryba, T., Battaglia, D., Pope, B. D., Hiratani, I. & Gilbert, D. M. Genome-scale analysis of replication timing: from bench to bioinformatics. Nat. Protoc. 6, 870–895 (2011).
Hansen, R. S. et al. Sequencing newly replicated DNA reveals widespread plasticity in human replication timing. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107, 139–144 (2010).
Takebayashi, S.-I., Manders, E. M. M., Kimura, H., Taguchi, H. & Okumura, K. Mapping sites where replication initiates in mammalian cells using dna fibers. Exp. Cell Res. 271, 263–268 (2001).
Norio, P. et al. Progressive activation of DNA replication initiation in large domains of the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus during B cell development. Mol. Cell 20, 575–587 (2005).
Lebofsky, R., Heilig, R., Sonnleitner, M., Weissenbach, J. & Bensimon, A. DNA replication origin interference increases the spacing between initiation events in human cells. Mol. Biol. Cell. 17, 5337–5345 (2006).
Dileep, V. & Gilbert, D. M. Single-cell replication profiling to measure stochastic variation in mammalian replication timing. Nat. Commun. 9, 427 (2018).
Hiratani, I. et al. Global reorganization of replication domains during embryonic stem cell differentiation. PLoS Biol. 6, 2220–2236 (2008).
Woodfine, K. et al. Replication timing of the human genome. Hum. Mol. Genet. 13, 191–202 (2004).
Koren, A. et al. Genetic variation in human DNA replication timing. Cell 159, 1015–1026 (2014).
Mukhopadhyay, R. et al. Allele-specific genome-wide profiling in human primary erythroblasts reveal replication program organization. PLoS Genet. 10, e1004319 (2014).
Jiang, X. R. et al. Telomerase expression in human somatic cells does not induce changes associated with a transformed phenotype. Nat. Genet. 21, 111–114 (1999).
Baslan, T. et al. Optimizing sparse sequencing of single cells for highly multiplex copy number profiling. Genome Res. 125, 714–724 (2015).
Morgani, S., Nichols, J. & Hadjantonakis, A.-K. The many faces of pluripotency: in vitro adaptations of a continuum of in vivo states. BMC Dev. Biol. 17, 7 (2017).
Takahashi, S., Kobayashi, S. & Hiratani, I. Epigenetic differences between naïve and primed pluripotent stem cells. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 75, 1191–1203 (2018).
Rivera-Mulia, J. C. et al. Allele-specific control of replication timing and genome organization during development. Genome Res. 28, 800–811 (2018).
Dileep, V. et al. Topologically associating domains and their long-range contacts are established during early G1 coincident with the establishment of the replication timing program. Genome Res. 25, 1104–1113 (2015).
Besnard, E. et al. Unraveling cell type-specific and reprogrammable human replication origin signatures associated with G-quadruplex consensus motifs. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 19, 837–844 (2012).
Murakami, K., Araki, K., Ohtsuka, S., Wakayama, T. & Niwa, H. Choice of random rather than imprinted X inactivation in female embryonic stem cell-derived extra-embryonic cells. Development 138, 197–202 (2011).
Takada, T. et al. The ancestor of extant Japanese fancy mice contributed to the mosaic genomes of classical inbred strains. Genome Res. 23, 1329–1338 (2013).
Taylor, J. H. Asynchronous duplication of chromosomes in cultured cells of chinese hamster. J. Cell. Biol. 7, 455–463 (1960).
Morishima, A., Grumbach, M. M. & Taylor, J. H. Asynchronous duplication of human chromosomes and the origin of sex chromatin. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 48, 756–763 (1962).
Hiratani, I. & Gilbert, D. M. Autosomal lyonization of replication domains during early mammalian development. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 695, 41–58 (2010).
Hiratani, I., Takebayashi, S., Lu, J. & Gilbert, D. M. Replication timing and transcriptional control: beyond cause and effect-part II. Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 19, 142–149 (2009).
Gimelbrant, A. A. & Chess, A. An epigenetic state associated with areas of gene duplication. Genome Res. 16, 723–729 (2006).
Nagano, T. et al. Cell-cycle dynamics of chromosomal organization at single-cell resolution. Nature 547, 61–67 (2017).
Flyamer, I. M. et al. Single-cell Hi-C reveals unique chromatin reorganization at oocyte-tozygote transition. Nature 544, 110–114 (2017).
Stevens, T. J. et al. 3D structures of individual mammalian genomes studied by single-cell Hi-C. Nature 544, 59–64 (2017).
Takebayashi, S. I., Ogata, M. & Okumura, K. Anatomy of mammalian replication domains. Genes 8, 110 (2017).
Yamazaki, S., Hayano, M. & Masai, H. Replication timing regulation of eukaryotic replicons: Rif1 as a global regulator of replication timing. Trends Genet. 29, 449–460 (2013).
Niwa, H. How is pluripotency determined and maintained? Development 134, 635–646 (2007).
Meshorer, E. et al. Hyperdynamic plasticity of chromatin proteins in pluripotent embryonic stem cells. Dev. Cell. 10, 105–116 (2006).
Fussner, E. et al. Constitutive heterochromatin reorganization during somatic cell reprogramming. EMBO J. 30, 1778–1789 (2011).
van Steensel, B. & Belmont, A. S. Lamina-associated domains: links with chromosome architecture, heterochromatin, and gene repression. Cell 169, 780–791 (2017).
Kind, J. et al. Genome-wide maps of nuclear lamina interactions in single human cells. Cell 163, 134–147 (2015).
Das, S. P. et al. Replication timing is regulated by the number of MCMs loaded at origins. Genome Res. 25, 1886–1892 (2015).
Dixon, J. R. et al. Topological domains in mammalian genomes identified by analysis of chromatin interactions. Nature 485, 376–380 (2012).
Dimitrova, D. S. & Gilbert, D. M. The spatial position and replication timing of chromosomal domains are both established in early G1 phase. Mol. Cell 4, 983–993 (1999).
Rao, S. S. P. et al. Cohesin loss eliminates all loop domains. Cell 171, 305–320 (2017).
Nora, E. P. et al. Targeted degradation of ctcf decouples local insulation of chromosome domains from genomic compartmentalization. Cell 169, 930–944 (2017).
Bolzer, A. et al. Three-dimensional maps of all chromosomes in human male fibroblast nuclei and prometaphase rosettes. PLoS Biol. 3, e157 (2005).
Pope, B. D. et al. Replication-timing boundaries facilitate cell-type and species-specific regulation of a rearranged human chromosome in mouse. Hum. Mol. Genet. 21, 4162–4170 (2012).
Macaulay, I. C., Ponting, C. P. & Voet, T. Single-cell multiomics: multiple measurements from single cells. Trends Genet. 33, 155–168 (2017).
Calaway, J. D. et al. Genetic architecture of skewed X inactivation in the laboratory mouse. PLoS Genet. 9, e1003853 (2013).
Hayashi, K. & Saitou, M. Generation of eggs from mouse embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells. Nat. Protoc. 8, 1513–1524 (2013).
Eiraku, M. & Sasai, Y. Mouse embryonic stem cell culture for generation of three-dimensional retinal and cortical tissues. Nat. Protoc. 7, 69–79 (2012).
Rathjen, J. & Rathjen, P. D. Lineage specific differentiation of mouse ES cells: formation and differentiation of early primitive ectoderm-like (EPL) cells. Methods Enzymol. 365, 3–25 (2003).
Kadota, M. et al. CTCF binding landscape in jawless fish with reference to Hox cluster evolution. Sci. Rep. 7, 4957 (2017).
Martin, M. Cutadapt removes adapter sequences from high-throughput sequencing reads. EMBnet J 17, 10–12 (2011).
Sakata, Y. et al. Defects in dosage compensation impact global gene regulation in the mouse trophoblast. Development 144, 2784–2797 (2017).
Keane, T. M. et al. Mouse genomic variation and its effect on phenotypes and gene regulation. Nature 477, 289–294 (2011).
Li, H. & Durbin, R. Fast and accurate short read alignment with Burrows–Wheeler transform. Bioinformatics 25, 1754–1760 (2009).
ENCODE Project Consortium. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome. Nature 489, 57–74 (2012).
Bakker, B. et al. Single-cell sequencing reveals karyotype heterogeneity in murine and human malignancies. Genome. Biol. 17, 1–15 (2016).
Cayrou, C. et al. The chromatin environment shapes DNA replication origin organization and defines origin classes. Genome Res. 25, 1873–1885 (2015).