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The accelerating pace of biotech democratization

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Fig. 1: Time dependence of the progression of biotechnology development.

Data availability

Source data for Tables 1 and 2 and Fig. 1 are provided in Supplementary Tables 223.


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We thank L. MacMillan for assistance in statistical analysis and N. Gunther for assistance in formatting. We also thank J. K. Middleton at Battelle Memorial Institute for project support. Work was supported by the US Department of Homeland Security prime contract FA8075-14-D-0003/DO 0010 to Battelle Memorial Institute.

Author information




S.S.J., L.E.S. and R.J.C. designed the analysis. S.S.J. and L.E.S. directed the data-collection efforts of C.H.G., C.B., D.S.G., P.L.S. and L.T.S., and S.S.J. analyzed the data. S.S.J. and L.E.S. wrote the manuscript, and R.J.C. provided input.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shawn S. Jackson.

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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Supplementary information

Supplementary Data

Supplementary Tables 1–23

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Jackson, S.S., Sumner, L.E., Garnier, C.H. et al. The accelerating pace of biotech democratization. Nat Biotechnol 37, 1403–1408 (2019).

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