Table 3 Ranking of top CAR T-cell applicants (universities and research centers)

From: Evolution of CAR T-cell immunotherapy in terms of patenting activity

Rank Applicant Inventions (No. patent families) Patents (No. filed)
1 University of Pennsylvania (US) 54 428
2 University College London (UK) 15 117
3 National Cancer Institute (Department of Health) (US) 14 98
4 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (US) 11 80
5 City of Hope Research Center (US) 8 59
6 University of Texas (US) 8 56
7 Baylor College of Medicine (US) 8 40
8 Seattle Children’s Hospital (US) 6 90
9 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (US) 6 40
10 Chinese PLA General Hospital (China) 5 10
11 University of California (US) 4 32
12 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (US) 4 17
13 University of Köln (Germany) 3 10
14 University of Washington (US) 3 10
15 University of Southern California (US) 3 4
16 University of Nagoya (Japan) 3 3
17 University of North Carolina (US) 3 3
18 Roger Williams Medical Center (US) 2 16
19 Ohio State Innovation Foundation (US) 2 14
20 Forschungsinstitut Georg-Speyer-Haus (Germany) 2 14