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Software code of the ICGC infrastructure, including the ICGC Data Portal, is available at under the GNU General Public License Version 3.

Data availability

The ICGC dataset is available at Data access is governed by the ICGC Data Access Office for non-US projects and by the dbGaP Authorized Access program for US-based projects.

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Editor’s Note: This article has been peer-reviewed.


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The authors received support for this work from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) through funding provided by the government of Ontario.

Author information

Author notes

  1. These authors contributed equally: Junjun Zhang, Rosita Bajari, Dusan Andric.


  1. Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    • Junjun Zhang
    • , Rosita Bajari
    • , Dusan Andric
    • , Francois Gerthoffert
    • , Alexandru Lepsa
    • , Hardeep Nahal-Bose
    • , Lincoln D. Stein
    •  & Vincent Ferretti
  2. CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    • Vincent Ferretti


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V.F. and J.Z. led the system design and implementation with contributions from L.D.S., D.A. and R.B.; D.A. and A.L. contributed to the software architecture design and coding; J.Z., R.B. and H.N.-B. contributed to system quality control; F.G. managed the software developer team. The manuscript was prepared by R.B. and V.F. with contributions from L.D.S., J.Z. and D.A. All authors reviewed the manuscript.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vincent Ferretti.

Supplementary information

  1. Supplementary Information

    Supplementary Figures 1–3, Supplementary Tables 1–2, and Supplementary Notes 1–4

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