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Two-dimensional Perovskitoids Enhance Stability in Perovskite Solar Cells

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Two-dimensional (2D)/three-dimensional (3D) perovskite heterostructures have played a key role in advancing the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs)1,2. However, the migration of cations between 2D and 3D layers results in the disruption of octahedral networks that leads to degradation in performance over time3,4. We hypothesized that perovskitoids, with robust organic-inorganic networks enabled by edge- and face-sharing, could impede ion migration. We explored a set of perovskitoids of varying dimensionality, and found that cation migration within perovskitoid/perovskite heterostructures was suppressed compared to the 2D/3D perovskite case. Increasing the dimensionality of perovskitoids improves charge transport when they are interfaced with 3D perovskite surfaces – this the result of enhanced octahedral connectivity and out-of-plane orientation. The 2D perovskitoid (A6BfP)8Pb7I22 (A6BfP: N-aminohexyl-benz[f]-phthalimide) provides efficient passivation of perovskite surfaces and enables uniform large-area perovskite films. Devices based on perovskitoid/perovskite heterostructures achieve a certified quasi-steady-state power conversion efficiency of 24.6% for centimeter-area PSCs. We removed the fragile hole transport layers and showed stable operation of the underlying perovskitoid/perovskite heterostructure at 85°C for 1,250 hours for encapsulated large-area devices in an air ambient.

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Correspondence to Ding Zheng, Tobin J. Marks, Antonio Facchetti, Edward H. Sargent or Mercouri G. Kanatzidis.

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This file contains Supplementary Text; Supplementary Figures 1-29: Supplementary Tables 1-11 and Supplementary References 1-21.

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Liu, C., Yang, Y., Chen, H. et al. Two-dimensional Perovskitoids Enhance Stability in Perovskite Solar Cells. Nature (2024).

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