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Observation of the scaling dimension of fractional quantum Hall anyons

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Unconventional quasiparticles emerging in the fractional quantum Hall regime1,2 present the challenge of observing their exotic properties unambiguously. Although the fractional charge of quasiparticles has been demonstrated since nearly three decades3–5, the first convincing evidence of their anyonic quantum statistics has only recently been obtained6,7 and, so far, the so-called scaling dimension that determines the quasiparticles’ propagation dynamics remains elusive. In particular, while the non-linearity of the tunneling quasiparticle current should reveal their scaling dimension, the measurements fail to match theory, arguably because this observable is not robust to non-universal complications8–12. Here we expose the scaling dimension from the thermal to shot noise crossover, and observe an agreement with expectations. Measurements are fitted to the predicted finite temperature expression involving both the quasiparticles scaling dimension and their charge12,13, in contrast to previous charge investigations focusing on the high bias shot noise regime14. A systematic analysis, repeated on multiple constrictions and experimental conditions, consistently matches the theoretical scaling dimensions for the fractional quasiparticles emerging at filling factors \(\nu \mathrm{=1/3}\), 2/5 and 2/3. This establishes a central property of fractional quantum Hall anyons, and demonstrates a powerful and complementary window into exotic quasiparticles.

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Correspondence to A. Anthore or F. Pierre.

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Veillon, A., Piquard, C., Glidic, P. et al. Observation of the scaling dimension of fractional quantum Hall anyons. Nature (2024).

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