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Reply to: Global effects of marine protected areas on food security are unknown

The Original Article was published on 20 September 2023

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Fig. 1: Maximum food-provisioning benefits generated from global versus local models under two fishing effort redistribution assumptions.
Fig. 2: Global food benefit accumulation curves.
Fig. 3: Differences in global conservation priorities between the global and the EEZ-constrained models.

Data availability

The underlying data used in this study are available from the sources listed in the supplementary information of the original paper1.

Code availability

The code supporting the findings of this additional analysis is available at GitHub (


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E.S., J. Mayorga D.B., R.B.C., C.C., S.D.G. and B.W. led the writing of the first draft. The other authors contributed to the ideas and writing of the Reply.

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Correspondence to Enric Sala.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Sala, E., Mayorga, J., Bradley, D. et al. Reply to: Global effects of marine protected areas on food security are unknown. Nature 621, E37–E40 (2023).

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